At Alma Park, we teach daily Phonics sessions in EYFS and KS1. The main emphasis is on the children's active participation.

The teaching of Phonics supports children in learning to read and write. As children progress in their phonic knowledge, they will move on from learning letters and the sounds that they make, to using and applying this knowledge to read and write words, then into reading and writing sentences. We give the children the opportunity to use and apply their phonic learning through speaking, listening, games and activities so that they then use this in their independent reading and writing work.

At Alma Park, we are reviewing how to teach phonics to ensure it is compliant with recent changes to DFE guidance 


What is phonics?

Phonics is a way of teaching children to read quickly and skilfully. They are taught how to:

  • recognise the sounds that each individual letter makes;
  • identify the sounds that different combinations of letters make - such as ‘sh’ or ‘oo’; and
  •  blend these sounds together from left to right to make a word.

Children can then use this knowledge to ‘de-code’ new words that they hear or see. This is the first important step in learning to read.

Why Phonics?

Research shows that when phonics is taught in a structured way – starting with the easiest sounds and progressing through to the most complex – it is the most effective way of teaching young children to read. It is particularly helpful for children aged 5 to 7.

Almost all children who receive good teaching of phonics will learn the skills they need to tackle new words. They can then go on to read any kind of text fluently and confidently, and to read for enjoyment.

Children who have been taught phonics also tend to read more accurately than those taught using other methods, such as ‘look and say’. This includes children who find learning to read difficult, for example those who have dyslexia.

For help with phonics, please watch the following videos to get to know the sounds we teach your children. You can also watch the videos with your child and make the sounds together. 

Phase 2 click here

Phase 3 click here

Phase 4 click here

Phase 5 click here 

Phonics Play

Click on the files below to access useful information.


“Achievement Partnership Success”